Idleness is the beginning of all psychology. Is psychology a vice?
But all joy wants eternity— Wants deep, wants deep eternity. English translators Thomas Common and R. Hollingdale use superman, while Kaufmann uses overman, and Parkes uses overhuman.
Expounding these concepts, Zarathustra declares: Man is something that shall be overcome. What have you done to overcome him? What is the ape to man? A laughingstock or a painful embarrassment. And man shall be just that for the overman: You have made your way from worm to man, and much in you is still worm.
Once you were apes, and even now, too, man is more ape than any ape. But do I bid you become ghosts or plants? The overman is the meaning of the earth.
Let your will say: I beseech you, my brothers, remain faithful to the earth, and do not believe those who speak to you of otherworldly hopes! Poison-mixers are they, whether they know it or not. Despisers of life are they, decaying and poisoned themselves, of whom the earth is weary: Walter Kaufmann The book embodies a number of innovative poetical and rhetorical methods of expression.
It serves as a parallel and supplement to the various philosophical ideas present in Nietzsche's body of work. He has, however, said that "among my writings my Zarathustra stands to my mind by itself" Ecce Homo, Preface, sec.
Emphasizing its centrality and its status as his magnum opusNietzsche stated that: With [Thus Spoke Zarathustra] I have given mankind the greatest present that has ever been made to it so far. This book, with a voice bridging centuries, is not only the highest book there is, the book that is truly characterized by the air of the heights—the whole fact of man lies beneath it at a tremendous distance—it is also the deepest, born out of the innermost wealth of truth, an inexhaustible well to which no pail descends without coming up again filled with gold and goodness.
Walter Kaufmann Since many of the book's ideas are also present in his other works, Zarathustra is seen to have served as a precursor to his later philosophical thought.
With the book, Nietzsche embraced a distinct aesthetic assiduity. He later reformulated many of his ideas in Beyond Good and Evil and various other writings that he composed thereafter. He continued to emphasize his philosophical concerns; generally, his intention was to show an alternative to repressive moral codes and to avert " nihilism " in all of its varied forms.
This incomplete project began with The Antichrist. Themes[ edit ] While Nietzsche injects myriad ideas into the book, a few recurring themes stand out. Man as a race is merely a bridge between animals and the overman. The eternal recurrencefound elsewhere in Nietzsche's writing, is also mentioned.
The embrace of all of life's horrors and pleasures alike shows a deference and acceptance of fate, or Amor Fati.
The love and acceptance of one's path in life is a defining characteristic of the overman. Faced with the knowledge that he would repeat every action that he has taken, an overman would be elated as he has no regrets and loves life.
Opting to change any decision or event in one's life would indicate the presence of resentment or fear; contradistinctly the overman is characterized by courage and a Dionysian spirit.
The will to power is the fundamental component of the human identity. Everything we do is an expression of the will to power. The will to power is a psychological analysis of all human action and is accentuated by self-overcoming and self-enhancement.
Contrasted with living for procreation, pleasure, or happiness, the will to power is the summary of all man's struggle against his surrounding environment as well as his reason for living in it.
Many criticisms of Christianity can be found in Thus Spoke Zarathustra, in particular Christian values of good and evil and its belief in an afterlife.Walter Arnold Kaufmann (July 1, – September 4, ) was a German-American philosopher, translator, and poet.
A prolific author, he wrote extensively on a broad range of subjects, such as authenticity and death, moral philosophy and existentialism, theism and atheism, Christianity and Judaism, as well as philosophy and literature. Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for All and None (German: Also sprach Zarathustra: Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen, also translated as Thus Spake Zarathustra) is a philosophical novel by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, composed in four parts between and and published between and Much of the work .
The Burning of the Books in Nazi Germany, The American Response by Guy Stern. On 10 May , a remarkable act of barbarism, a prelude to the many worse ones that followed, took place in the city of alphabetnyc.comts from the Wilhelm Humboldt University, all of them members of right-wing student organizations, transported books from their .
This essay investigates Walter Kaufmann’s ideas about death’s meaning. It argues that Kaufmann (–) expounded a ‘death work ethic’, one that goes beyond commonplaces of working.
Walter Arnold Kaufmann was a German-American philosopher, translator, and poet. A prolific author, he wrote extensively on a broad range of subjects, such as authenticity and death, moral philosophy and existentialism, theism and atheism, Christianity and Judaism, as well as philosophy and literature/5.
Here is a link to an excellent documented discussion about the poignance of Frankl’s work to contribute as a resource. The individual clip explores a number of subjects, including one of Frankl’s revelations described in “Man’s Search for Meaning.”.