Attach a small photograph of something important to you and explain its significance. In June ofan unnamed man stood in the way of a long line of tanks, hoping to stop them from entering Tiananmen Square. His act of self-sacrifice for freedom captured the imagination of the world, and at the same moment, he unknowingly became the symbol of the single event which changed my life.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Although the demonstrations and their subsequent repression occurred in cities throughout the country, the events in Beijing—and especially in Tiananmen Square, historically linked to such other protests as the May Fourth Movement —came to symbolize the entire incident.
Emergence and spread of unrest By the spring of there was growing sentiment among university students and others in China for political and economic reform.
The country had experienced a decade of remarkable economic growth and liberalization, and many Chinese had been exposed to foreign ideas and standards of living.
In addition, although the economic advances in China had brought new prosperity to many citizens, it was accompanied by price inflation and opportunities for corruption by government officials.
On the day of his funeral April 22tens of thousands of students gathered in Tiananmen Square demanding democratic and other reforms. For the next several weeks, students in crowds of varying sizes—eventually joined by a wide variety of individuals seeking political, social, and economic reforms—gathered in the square.
The initial government response was to issue stern warnings but take no action against the mounting crowds in the square. However, the principal outside media coverage was in Beijing, in part because a large number of Western journalists had gathered there to report on the visit to China by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in mid-May.
Shortly after his arrival, a demonstration in Tiananmen Square drew some one million participants and was widely broadcast overseas.
Meanwhile, an intense debate ensued among government and party officials on how to handle the mounting protests. However, they were overruled by hard-liners led by Chinese premier Li Peng and supported by paramount elder statesman Deng Xiaopingwho, fearing anarchyinsisted on forcibly suppressing the protests.
However, an attempt by the troops to reach Tiananmen Square was thwarted when Beijing citizens flooded the streets and blocked their way.
Western journalists also maintained a presence there, often providing live coverage of the events. Crackdown and aftermath By the beginning of June, the government was ready to act again. On the night of June 3—4, tanks and heavily armed troops advanced toward Tiananmen Square, opening fire on or crushing those who again tried to block their way.
Once the soldiers reached the square, a number of the few thousand remaining demonstrators there chose to leave rather than face a continuation of the confrontation. By morning the area had been cleared of protesters, though sporadic shootings occurred throughout the day.
The military also moved in forcibly against protesters in several other Chinese cities, including Chengdu, but in Shanghai the mayor, Zhu Rongji later to become the premier of Chinawas able to negotiate a peaceful settlement.
By June 5 the military had secured complete control, though during the day there was a notable, widely reported incident involving a lone protester momentarily facing down a column of tanks as it advanced on him near the square.
A Chinese man temporarily blocking a line of tanks on June 5,the day after demonstrators were forcibly cleared from Beijing's Tiananmen Square. The disgraced Zhao Ziyang was soon replaced as party general secretary by Jiang Zemin and put under house arrest.
In the years since the incident, the government generally has attempted to suppress references to it.
The Tiananmen Square Massacre History Essay. With thousands left wounded, a seemingly countless number of citizens reported dead, and a country left with a damaged reputation. All of these were the results of a truly unforgettable and shocking event which happened on the 4th of June , the Tiananmen Square massacre. Essays; Tiananmen Square Massacre; Tiananmen Square Massacre 5 May Yaobang; During the time prior to the infamous June 4 Massacre in Tiananmen Square China, there were numerous events in which provoked political tension and ultimately stimulated the massacre itself. These events date back to Hu Yaobangs death followed by the AFS’ seven. Tiananmen Square incident, also called June Fourth incident or 6/4, series of protests and demonstrations in China in the spring of that culminated on the night of June 3–4 with a government crackdown on the demonstrators in Tiananmen Square in Beijing.
Public commemoration of the incident is officially banned. However, the residents of Hong Kong have held an annual vigil on the anniversary of the crackdown, even after Hong Kong reverted to Chinese administration.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:There were many factors that led to the Tiananmen Square protest in , but a number of these causes can be traced back a decade prior to Deng Xiao Ping’s “opening” of China to major economic reforms. In that era, a nation that had lived under Maoism and the turmoil of the Cultural.
Tiananmen Square Massacre Essay. By April 18, some 10, students were in Tiananmen Square taking part in protests in front of the Zhongnanhai, the seat of the government.
Three days later, there were , students and others in the square, and on May 4 some , students and workers marched through Beijing.
The Tiananmen Square Massacre is the indiscriminate killing carried out by the Chinese Law Enforcing Agency on the behest of the Chinese Government.
The massacre was carried upon the peaceful protestors, mostly students, protesting against the Communist regime of . The Tiananmen Papers also confirms the belief of CIA analysts that, despite rumors about his whereabouts, Deng was in Beijing making key decisions during the crackdown.
Additional Documents For more documents on the Tiananmen Square crisis see "Tiananmen Square, The Declassified History," a National Security Archive Electronic Briefing book from Tiananmen Square, the symbolic heart of China, soon became the headquarters of the mobilization.
Student demands were met with silence, and began to occupy Tiananmen Square day and night. The government continued its rebuff, and thousands of students started a stakes-raising hunger strike. Today Tiananmen Square is a symbol of China's vast security apparatus. The country has blocked access to articles and images from the protests and the brutal crackdown, especially of the.