It is a simple process, but it takes patience and genuine thought to come up with a worthy research proposal. No one wants to read generic, monotonous research proposals, especially hundreds at a time, which is what your instructors will be doing.
Research Proposal Steps Step 1: The Title Naming your research is an important part of the research proposal. It should tell the user In 25 words or less what you intend to research and how you intend to do it. The choice is up to you, as long as your title is relevant to the research question.
The Abstract Your research proposal in its entirety may be anywhere between 5, to 25, words in length.
So it is important that you give a summary of the entire document. This summary is known as the abstract, and should demonstrate to the reader the most important parts of each of the sections of the research proposal in around words.
It is often useful to write the abstract last, after the rest of the research proposal has been written and fully thought out. Aims and Objectives In this section you should expand on the title of your research project to articulate in full detail the aims and objectives of your research.
You should be able to provide a detailed description of the research question, the purpose of the research, and a description of your approach methodology and method to the research.
Included in this section should be discussion around the research problem that you intend to answer or investigate, your hypothesis, the parameters of the research i.
Background This section should provide detail about the background to the research question. In this section you will need to demonstrate an understanding of the existing literature and research studies within the area of your proposed research topic.
This is to assist the reader to understand the significance of your research, and where it fits within the existing body of knowledge.
The background section is a significant portion of your proposal and therefore should be an extensive review of the literature related to your topic see literature review. You should be able to discuss what the existing literature is about and highlight any gaps, issues or contentions that arise.
You also need to be able to show where your research fits within this literature and enter into discussions on issues that relate to your research question. The point of this background section is to demonstrate to the reader your understanding and knowledge of the research area, as well as the contribution that your research project will make to the existing research and knowledge.
Methodology and Method In this section of the proposal you will need to demonstrate how you intend to go about investigating the research question.
The methodology generally refers to the theory to be used to justify the use of the particular research methods that you are choosing to use. You may use more than one methodology to inform your method of research.
You should also discuss the different methods you intend to use in full detail, and provide justification as to why you have chosen to use these methods.
It is also helpful to discuss how many participants you intend to involve in your research, how you intend to find or approach participants, and how they will be used in your study.
Schedule and Timeline You need to be able to demonstrate that your research is possible within a given timeframe. You may be able to define your own timeframe, or the institution for which you are writing a proposal may have a set timeframe that you will need to work within.
Either way, it is important that you are able to plot the intended progress of the project from start to finish. If you intend to produce any outputs, reports, findings then they should be inserted into this schedule.
Ethical Approval Some institutions require that any research involving interaction with human participants get approval from ethical advisory committees or boards.
This ethical approval is sought to ensure that the researcher conducts research in a manner that is respectful to the participants and other human beings that may be influenced by the research process.In the real world of higher education, a research proposal is most often written by scholars seeking grant funding for a research project or it's the first step in getting approval to write a doctoral dissertation.
writing the research proposal is the most difficult and the most important part step how you intend to do the research.
The best way of doing this is to work through your proposed study one section (or one subproblem) at a time, proposal.
How to prepare a research proposal research. The intention is to help students in taking the very first step in the area of research, which entails writing of research proposal and refining it further to meet an acceptable level of standards.
Formulate an appropriate research objective: A research proposal is a proposal to conduct research, not to conduct development or design or some other activity. Research is a methodical process of building upon previous knowledge to derive or discover new knowledge, that is, something that isn’t known before the research is conducted.
Identifying the research problem and developing a question to be answered are the first steps in the research process. The research question will guide the remainder of the design process (read the in-depth article on writing qualitative research questions here).
Step 1: Agree on the Problem For a proposal to receive funding, the grant maker must be convinced that funding your program will have a positive and measurable affect on .