Miranda, raised her whole life on a solitary island, comes to encounter people for the first time only to find drunken sailors and their ship which they happened to wreck. How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world!
Reading the signs of his times, Huxley saw awaiting us a soulless utilitarian existence, incompatible with our nature and purpose. Subsequent history has vindicated his pessimism. It is in the light of our beliefs about the ultimate nature of reality that we formulate our conceptions of right and wrong; and it is in the light of our conceptions of right and wrong that we frame our conduct, not only in the relations of private life, but also in the sphere of politics and economics.
So far from being irrelevant, our metaphysical beliefs are the finally determining factor in all our actions. We know … that the ground of our individual knowing is identical with the Ground of all knowing and being. The struggle against adversity which this entails is essential for fulfilling emotional life.
Striving toward God entails surmounting obstacles, overcoming adversity. Hence we exult in meeting challenges; it is a microcosm of the victorious metaphysically-upward striving which our fulfillment requires.
The fundamental beliefs shaping thought and conduct were shifting. Moreover, science, technology, and mass production had seemingly removed many external constraints and disciplines, e. Yet ideals — truth, beauty, goodness, happiness — arise apart from economics.
Economics only determine which ideals shall be prevalent. What matters is his realization that Western awareness of transcendent Reality was withering. It was axiomatic to Huxley that getting something for nothing is impossible.
There is no place in the factory, or in that larger factory which is the modern industrialized world, for animals on the one hand, or for artists, mystics, or even, finally, individuals on the other.
Of all the ascetic religions Fordism is that which demands the cruelest mutilations of the human psyche … and offers the smallest spiritual returns. Rigorously practiced for a few generations, this dreadful religion will end by destroying the human race.
Demanding goals -pleasing God, living morally, partaking of high culture — were being replaced by lesser ones: Loss of awareness of the transcendent is cumulative and ultimately total.
Living in a secularized world, immersed in the powerful distractions of horizontal and downward self-transcendence presented by a consumption-and-fun economy, with the path of upward self-transcendence increasingly forgotten, people have nowhere to go except into ways of life unworthy of beings with souls, utterly incapable of fulfilling a higher purpose: The acquisition of one-pointedness and the cultivation of genuine mysticism were tasks no easier in the fourteenth century, or the seventeenth, than under Queen Victoria; they merely seemed more reasonable, more worthy of consideration by men of culture and intelligence [W]here there is no vision, the people perish; and … if those who are the salt of the earth lose their savour, there is nothing to keep that earth disinfected, nothing to prevent it from falling into complete decay.
The mystics are channels through which a little knowledge of reality filters down into our human universe of ignorance and illusion. A totally unmystical world would be a world totally blind and insane.- Religion and Art in Brave New World In this utopian civilization, people are isolated from one another, divided into five different classes.
The classes range from the Alphas, the Betas, the Gammas, the Deltas and finally, the Epsilons. The members of each class are ranked according to th. In , five years after his transcendent experience induced by taking four-tenths of a gram of mescalin, Aldous Huxley (July, 26 –November 22, ) — legendary author of Brave New World, lesser-known but no less compelling writer of children’s books, modern prophet — penned an essay.
Their adherence to old systems and creeds and traditions, such as marriage, childbirth and religion, is presented as anathema to the society of the brave new world that we are presented with in. Through the interdependent relationship between science, art and religion, Buddhists are able to lead a stable life, unlike that of John the Savage in Brave New World.
sacrificed the high art" (). The citizens of Brave New World see the purpose of life as just maintenance of well being, not as "some intensification and refining of consciousness, some enlargement of knowledge" () as Huxley writes.
Religion, a product of an individual's thinking of creation, is gone. Ironically, religion in "Brave New World" has not been eradicated: it has been changed. When Mustapha Mond speaks to John the Savage, he mentions John Henry Cardinal Newman, an Anglican clergyman who later converted to Catholicism.