The ParthenonAthensGreece"the supreme example among architectural sites.
Generally behind these types of thinking are the concepts of stewardship and that the present generation owes duties to generations not yet born.
It is therefore not surprising[ according to whom? Many cities have started to formulate and introduce "eco-regulations concerning renewable resources, energy consumption, sick buildings, smart buildings, recycled materials, and sustainability".
The environmental design values category consists of three design values. This is the case even if many architects and industrial designers argue that they are primarily using their creativity to create new and novel design solutions. Some architects and industrial designers have openly led themselves be inspired by existing building and products traditions, and have even used this inspiration as the main base for their designs solutions.
This design tradition has a considerable history, which can be indicated in many of the labels associated with this tradition; this includes labels such as ClassicismVernacular, Restoration and Preservation etc.
History structure and architectural aspects of, the traditional approach also implies other aspects such as functional aspects, preserving existing building traditions as well as individual buildings and products.
The Traditional Design Values category, consisting of three distinct values. An archaeological perspective i. Gender differences related to critique and reconstruction of architectural practice and history.
The economic design value[ edit ] Many architects and industrial designers often dread the financial and business side of architecture and industrial design practice, as their focus is often geared towards achieving successful design quality rather than achieving successful economic expectations.
Best design works comes from offices or individual designers which are willing to put in overtime sometimes unpaid for the sake of the design outcome. The novel design value[ edit ] It is common within contemporary architecture and industrial design to find emphasis on creating novel design solutions.
This emphasis is often accompanied by an equally common lack of emphasis on studying of the appropriateness of any already existing design solution. This design value is often manifested through the working methods of designers. The design value of novelty is not generally accepted within either architecture or design.
This is indicated by the debate in architecture, focusing on whether buildings should harmonize with the surroundings in that they are situated in or not.
The same issues are indicated within the industrial design domain where it has been debated if retro design should be accepted or not as good design.
Mathematical and scientific design values[ edit ] A movement to base architectural design on scientific and mathematical understanding started with the early work of Christopher Alexander in the s, Notes on the synthesis of form.
Other contributors joined in, especially in investigations of form on the urban scale, which resulted in important developments such as Bill Hillier's Space syntax and Michael Batty's work on Spatial analysis.
In architecture, the four-volume work The Nature of Order by Alexander summarizes his most recent results. An alternative architectural theory based on scientific laws, as for example A Theory of Architecture is now competing with purely aesthetic theories most common in architectural academia.
This entire body of work can be seen as balancing and often questioning design movements that rely primarily upon aesthetics and novelty.
At the same time, the scientific results that determine this approach in fact verify traditional and vernacular traditions in a way that purely historical appreciation cannot. Social and environmental issues are given a new explanation, drawing upon biological phenomena and the interactivity of groups and individuals with their built environment.
The new discipline of biophilia developed by E. Wilson plays a major role in explaining the human need for intimate contact with natural forms and living beings. This insight into the connection between human beings and the biological environment provides a new understanding for the need for ecological design.
An extension of the biophilic phenomenon into artificial environments suggests a corresponding need for built structures that embody the same precepts as biological structures. These mathematical qualities include fractal forms, scaling, multiple symmetries, etc.
Applications and extensions of Wilson's original idea are now carried out by Stephen R.
Kellert in the Biophilia hypothesisand in by Nikos Salingaros and others in the book "Biophilic Design".MOSQUE: ARCHITECTURAL ASPECTS The mosque (from the Arabic masjid, meaning "place of prostrations") has been the place of congregational prayer for Muslims since the formation of Islam in ce.
Source for information on Mosque: Architectural Aspects: Encyclopedia of Religion dictionary. alphabetnyc.com: Skyscrapers: A History of the World's Most Extraordinary Buildings (): Judith Dupre, Adrian Smith: Books.
The quality of significance in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture is present in districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects.
Architecture History The Development of Building Designs: Famous Architects. MAIN A-Z INDEX architecture.
RESOURCES For architectural terms, see: Architecture Glossary. Thus the logical and ordered nature of the structure reflected the clarity and rationality of God's universe, while the sculptures, stained glass windows and murals. The history of architecture traces the changes in architecture through various traditions, regions, overarching stylistic trends, and dates.
The branches of architecture are civil, sacred, naval, military, and landscape architecture. ORIGINAL OPENING Upon its inception in , the Loew's Kings Theatre was one of the most exquisite theatres in the nation.
Originally designed by architectural masters Rapp & Rapp with interior design by Harold W. Rambusch, the theatre was truly an ornate spectacle for the masses.