Classical Greece entered the Hellenistic period with the rise of Macedon and the conquests of Alexander the Great.
Visit Website The Rise of Athens The defeat of the Persians marked the beginning of Athenian political, economic, and cultural dominance. Other legislators were chosen randomly by lot, not by election.
To protect far-flung Greek territories from Persian interference, Athens organized a confederacy of allies that it called the Delian League in B. Athens Under Pericles In the s, the Athenian general Pericles consolidated his own power by using all that tribute money to serve the citizens of Athens, rich and poor.
Generals were among the only public officials in Athens who were elected, not appointed, and who could keep their jobs for more than one year. For example, Pericles paid modest wages to jurors and members of the ekklesia so that, in theory, everyone who was eligible could afford to participate in the public life of the demokratia.
Art and Architecture Pericles also used the tribute money to support Athenian artists and thinkers. For instance, he paid to rebuild the parts of Athens that the Persian Wars had destroyed.
The result was the magnificent Parthenona new temple in honor of the goddess Athena at the Acropolis. Pericles also oversaw the construction of the temple at Hephaestos, the Odeion concert hall, and the temple of Poseidon at Attica. Likewise, Pericles paid for the annual production of comedic and dramatic plays at the Acropolis.
Wealthy people offset some of these costs by paying voluntary taxes called liturgies. Dramatists like Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides and the comic playwright Aristophanes all won a great deal of renown for their depictions of relationships between men and gods, citizens and polis, and fate and justice.
These plays, like the Parthenon, still epitomize the cultural achievements of classical Greece. Along with the histories of Herodotus and Thucydides and the ideas of the physician Hippokrates, they are defined by logic, pattern and order, and they have in common a faith in humanism above all else.
These are the attributes that today aer associated with the art, the culture and even the politics of the era. The Peloponnesian War Unfortunately, none of these cultural achievements translated into political stability.
Athenian imperialism had alienated its partners in the Delian League, particularly Sparta, and this conflict played out in the decades-long Peloponnesian War — B. The eventual Spartan victory in the Peloponnesian War meant that Athens lost its political primacy, but Athenian cultural life—the essence of classical Greece—continued apace in the fourth century B.
By the second half of the century, however, disorder reigned within the former Athenian empire.Today's world owes an immense debt to the mighty empires and great cities of ancient history. Their inventions and ideas enabled the advancement of human society and laid the foundation for modern.
Greece & Rome The worlds of Greece and Rome, including archaeology, history, literature and culture: Archaic Greece, the Greek colonies around the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, the Classical Greek Age, Hellenistic expansion in the East, Rome and its Empire to AD Sep 18, · Classical Civilizations Greece Rome DOUGLAS Sheldon.
Religion and War in Ancient Greece and Rome - Duration: Ancient Greek Music - The Lyre of Classical Antiquity. Greece and Rome Chapter Four ancient civilizations bok outline. The civilizations of Greece and Rome rivaled those of India and China in cultural richness and their effect on world history.
Their institutions and values reverberated in the later histories of the Middle East . Ancient Greece. The Greeks invented democracy, started the Olympics, built the foundations of Western arts and culture, and loved a good party.
Read about Greek history and politics from the Archaic period through the Hellenistic period. With the skill of a born storyteller Professor John R. Hale mixes the exotic adventures, unexpected insights, and abiding mysteries of archaeology's fabled history in Classical Archaeology of Ancient Greece and Rome.