CJM was established in
Obviously, I myself can only speak for that part lying north of the city centre. The proposed route along the A corridor has been chosen very largely for historic reasons, a number of which no longer apply.
The closure of the halls and the move of the school to Alwoodley have had a significant effect on traffic in our area, and yet no one has been able to satisfy me that a thorough and comprehensive traffic survey has been carried out here since Decemberand certainly not since the closure of Bodington Hall in It needs to be proved more clearly that this is still the most polluted and congested route in Leeds.
The whole subject needs to be considered more comprehensively on a regional basis. For family as well as professional reasons, I have from time to time used rapid tram systems in Europe, notably those in Montpellier and Strasbourg. In neither of these towns do you find other traffic using the same streets in the city centre.
It is only found on the wider boulevards further out, where proper segregation is possible, with a raised pavement, and sometimes even grass, lining the dedicated tram lanes. There is some congestion on side-roads caused by the priority for trams at traffic lights, but there is no attempt to have ordinary buses and taxis running parallel to the trams in roads of the width of those found in Leeds.
This is not integrated transport, especially as Leeds lacks a proper transport hub, with the bus station being a considerable distance away from the railway station.
Some come from places further out such as Guiseley no. The bus services to all these places would almost inevitably suffer, and those living there would hardly relish being given a shuttle to tie up with the trolleybus instead of a direct service to town.
And there would be fewer buses for everybody from West Park inwards wanting to go, for instance, to anywhere near the central bus station. The trolleybus might mean saving a few minutes for some commuters coming in from the outskirts or beyond, but there is little hope of a quicker journey for anybody else, especially with the likelihood of having to walk further to the right stop.
Bus deregulation has caused problems, especially with bus companies often appearing unwilling to maintain services in which they do not make a profit.
To counter this, Metro makes much of the possibility of introducing Quality Control Contracts in place of Quality Control Partnerships, in order to have a greater say over the way the buses are run. If the franchise were to be granted to First Group, this would simply strengthen further its dominant position.
We are told that that this scheme is designed to ease congestion, which would hardly be helped by having traffic queueing at lights as the trolleybuses go by.
The latter — who, if they can, prefer to live at some distance from busy roads — are hardly likely to abandon driving their children to and from the school gates, if the quality of their local bus services were to decline.
The effects of such schemes can be perverse, sometimes even increasing the use of private cars, 24 and most experts agree that park and ride schemes work best in historic towns such as York, Oxford or Bath, with relatively little parking available in the town centre. We are told that there are some 18, parking spaces available in the city centre.
In some members of council staff enjoyed free parking, 27 and judging from planning applications and advertisements for offices over the years this privilege is widely extended to the private sector. On top of this, multi-storey parking for up to 2, cars is envisaged for the new city-centre shopping developments, 28 despite the fact that extensive research by Sustrans and others has shown that traders are wrong in thinking that people need cars to shop in the middle of town.
Unless, of course, the aim is to have permanent grid lock along the A corridor for all traffic other than the trolleybus. It makes much of trolleybuses abroad without really looking at them properly, and dismisses out of hand as unsuitable the rapid technological progress that is taking place in other ecological forms of public transport.
It is designed to serve new housing estates near and over the French frontier and not long-established built-up areas as in Leeds, does not go into the centre of town, but to the new transport hub at Eaux-Vives, 33 and is thus part of a big truly-integrated cross-frontier transport scheme that has being going ahead sincethe CEVA Cornavin — Eaux-Vives — Annemasse.
For the sake of simplicity, it is perhaps best to limit the discussion to Western Europe and the European Union since Those with established trolleybus systems obviously want to make the best of the system that they have, especially if it is part of properly integrated transport, and in the medium term at least they will try to keep it up to date.
What this desire to test electric buses does reflect, however, is a widespread dislike of overhead wires and of the lack of flexibility that they entail. As elsewhere in the world, in Western Europe and the European Union, a fair number of trolleybus systems have closed since the beginning of the present century.
Romania has abandoned seven trolleybus systems in recent years, 42 and Bulgaria has closed two. It replaced 40 trolleybuses with ordinary buses on September 1, A further 45 trolleybuses were to be replaced shortly after that, leaving at that stage a total of trolleybuses, compared to in the autumn of They closed four trolley bus routes on July 1, In Romania, with a grant from the European Union, a new system has been planned for Craiova a city ofinhabitants sinceto tie up rather bizarrely with an existent tram line 52and the old 5-kilometer line in the small town of Vaslui 74, inhabitantswhich closed inhas now been completed reconstructed.
That in the small town of Avellino 54, inhabitants was planned to be in service by55 while that of the slightly-larger Lecce 95, inhabitants was opened in Januarya couple of months after the arrest of one of its planners on charges of bribery and fraudulent invoicing.
Two other Italian cities which have over the months been quoted as exemplary by NGT and its supporters, again without their really doing their homework properly, are Bari, which has a very troubled history of stopping and starting various trolleybus schemes going back to the s, 60 and Verona where a trolleybus scheme, which was first promised inwas still being evaluated inwith a plan that envisages the use of the internal combustion engine to power the system wirelessly within the city walls.
It is run at a loss and is to be heavily subsidized by the local regional authorities up to In recent years there has been rapid progress in both fields, and it is now more that likely that one or the other or both of these technologies will be in a position to make that of the trolleybus seem completely obsolete by the time that the scheme planned for Leeds should be up and running.
It is somewhat ironic — and symbolic of how greatly Metro seems behind the times — that Leeds has not already made use of the award-winning electric buses by the local firm of Optare, while they have been enthusiastically adopted, for instance, in Coventry, 66 Durham, 67August 23,p.
I could go on.TECHNOLOGY SHOWCASE. Innovatek Ltd and FIEA manage an extensive series of technology events each year for forestry and wood products companies. This page, the Technology Showcase, provides a selection of up to ten papers/presentations for each event (posted within six months of the event been run).
These can be downloaded as . CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES Information about disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting can be found under “Controls and procedures” on. Chris was appointed Chairman of CPS when it was bought by Privet Capital LLP in Chris has extensive sector experience in running businesses in defence, transport, government outsourcing, education, healthcare and science.
The Survivors History Group was founded in April to value and celebrate the contribution that mental health service users/survivors have made and are making to history.
It is working towards a comprehensive history on this site and in a alphabetnyc.com will also preserve historical material in digital form on this site, and in printed and other forms.
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Perserving our Heritage Level 1 Part 1, Moe Ccue C My Box-Spanish 6/Pk, Stone A Visit to the Suez Canal (), T. K. Lynch Ageing, health and care, Christina R. Victor Lighthouses and Lifesaving on Washington's Outer Coast, William S Hanable. TECHNOLOGY SHOWCASE. Innovatek Ltd and FIEA manage an extensive series of technology events each year for forestry and wood products companies. This page, the Technology Showcase, provides a selection of up to ten papers/presentations for each event (posted within six months of the event been run). These can be downloaded as . Spokeo searches thousands of sources across 12 billion public records to look up the most recent owner of that number, whether it’s a landline or cell phone number, the location, and even the carrier if available.