Along the way to adulthood, she stumbles over more adversity than the average American child ever encounters. She remains flexible and resilient; her methods of escape reflect an ability to improvise. Like Rapunzel letting down her hair, Jeanne uncoils the traditions that bind Japanese women to a rigid patriarchy.
The factual narrative follows her through three decades of silent denial to adulthood, when she is, at last, able to reveal the misery, the degradation of her family and race, and exorcise Manzanar with an act of public enlightenment. Born in Inglewood, California, on September 26,to native Japanese parents, Ko and Riku Sugai Wakatsuki, Jeanne, the youngest of four boys and six girls, moved with her family to Ocean Park in In an interview, she recalled the pier as a magical place, "my nursery school, the amusement attendants my sitters.
Her maternal grandmother, although restricted by blindness and speaking no English, served as a link with Japan, as demonstrated by old country treasures she handled delicately — the lacquered tables and fragile blue and white porcelain tea service, reminiscent of a genteel culture incompatible with her new home in the United States.
With less time to devote to the niceties of serving tea than her aged mother enjoyed, she resigned herself to the thankless jobs of scrubbing floors, washing clothes, cooking, waiting on Ko, and tending her ten children.
The Wakatsukis, their lives interrupted during a post-Depression upsurge in family finances, were among the first to be questioned and detained. FBI agents confronted Ko with photos of barrels of fish bait and accused him of supplying oil to enemy submarines.
Although the charge was unfounded in a court of law, he spent nine months apart from his clan in a Bismarck, North Dakota, prison. During his imprisonment, in April his wife and son Woody assumed responsibility for resettling the family in Block 16 of Manzanar, an austere, barbed-wire enclosed, mile-square internment camp near Lone Pine, California, 4, feet above sea level in the shadow of Mount Whitney.
She recalls the experience as a yellow blur of "stinging whirlwinds and fierce duststorms that pricked the skin like needles and coated everything, including our lips and eyelashes, with thick ochre powder.
She recalled later a major source of comfort: His reclusive habits and escapism through home-distilled rice wine ignited explosive domestic violence — threats, shoving, and screaming. Jeanne and her youngest brother hid as far under the covers as possible, but the limited quarters afforded no privacy or respite from daily turmoil.
To distance herself from home, Jeanne stayed outdoors, twirled her baton, and studied traditional Japanese dancing. The close-knit Wakatsukis began breaking up as older siblings moved to job opportunities on nearby farms and through military service. In NovemberWoody entered active service and was shipped to Germany.
That winter, occupancy at Manzanar dropped to twenty percent. Ko, fearful of West Coast anti-Japanese hysteria, resisted departure until Octoberwhen his name came up for forced expulsion. Back to Normal Life In Cabrillo Homes, a cheerless multicultural housing project in Long Beach, Jeanne maintained her new, all-American attitude, twirling her baton, singing the country-western tunes of Roy Acuff and Red Foley, and learning Spanish tunes as well.
She coped with overt racism in the form of taunts, exclusion from Girl Scouts, and outright ignorance of locals who considered her a foreigner.
To compensate for a free-floating belief that she somehow deserved exclusion, she excelled at school, discovered a knack for writing while working as editor of the school paper, the Chatterbox, and achieved two youthful goals: In Beyond Manzanar, Jeanne admits that during the teen period of assimilative behavior, she was "trying to be as American as Doris Day.
Inthe Wakatsukis themselves moved from Cabrillo Homes to a rural, more amenable setting in San Jose, where Ko grew strawberries for Driscoll, Inc.
She was attracted to Caucasian males, yet longed to meet a combination of American sensitivity and Japanese potency — in her words, "I wanted a blond Samurai. Like other Asians, she opted for an "invisible field" and pursued a sociology degree from the University of San Jose, enrolled in San Francisco State, attended the Sorbonne in Paris, and worked from to as a social worker at a juvenile detention hall and probation officer in San Mateo, California.
James courted Jeanne long distance from Hawaii with a valentine and proposal inscribed on a ti leaf, which withered to brown by the time it traversed the ocean in a mail pouch. She responded by flying to Hawaii to marry her Caucasian sweetheart.
The flower-decked couple had a romantic barefoot wedding at sunset on Waikiki Beach. Jeanne lived a Jekyll-and-Hyde existence — sometimes being engagingly subservient like her mother; at other times, being independent like American wives. That fall, James was transferred to an ROTC post in England and Jeanne got her first taste of bone-chilling English winters, living in a ten-room townhouse reminiscent of scenes from Dickens.
Inthe year after the birth of daughter Corinne, nicknamed Cori, the family was back in the U. Following the publication of his novel Between Battles, James advanced to the University of California in Gary had been born in Manzanar, and his insistence on full disclosure brought Jeanne to the brink of hysteria.- Farewell to Manzanar by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston is a riveting about a women who endured three years of social hardships in camp Manzanar.
Jeanne Wakatsuki was born on September 26, , in Inglewood, California, to George Ko Wakatsuki and Riku Sugai Wakatsuki. Farewell to Manzanar CHARACTER ANALYSIS Study Guide/Summary/Free BookNotes/Synopsis/Notes by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston-MonkeyNotes. Get Your Free Month of Amazon Prime on Demand!
Get Paid To Take Surveys! $5-$75 Per Survey. Survive & Thrive as a Teacher eBook. Apply for a $1, College Scholarship. Farewell to Manzanar by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston Essay Words 5 Pages The book, Farewell to Manzanar was the story of a young Japanese girl coming of age in the interment camp located in Owens Valley, California.
Farewell to Manzanar by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston Essay Words | 5 Pages The book, Farewell to Manzanar was the story of a young Japanese girl coming of age in the interment camp located in Owens Valley, California.
Free summary and analysis of the events in Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston's Farewell to Manzanar that won't make you snore. We promise.
Farewell to Manzanar: A True Story of Japanese American Experience During and After the World War II Internment is a first-person account of the United States government’s systematic relocation.