Dave Yoder By Tom Mueller Smithsonian Magazine Subscribe January The floor of the colosseum, where you might expect to see a smooth ellipse of sand, is instead a bewildering array of masonry walls shaped in concentric rings, whorls and chambers, like a huge thumbprint. The confusion is compounded as you descend a long stairway at the eastern end of the stadium and enter ruins that were hidden beneath a wooden floor during the nearly five centuries the arena was in use, beginning with its inauguration in A.
Visit Website Did you know? Archaeologists believe that the Colosseum contained both drinking fountains and latrines. After nearly a decade of construction—a relatively quick time period for a project of such a grand scale—Titus officially dedicated the Colosseum in A.
A Grand Amphitheater Measuring some by feet by metersthe Colosseum was the largest amphitheater in the Roman world. Unlike many earlier amphitheaters, which had been dug into hillsides to provide adequate support, the Colosseum was a freestanding structure made of stone and concrete.
The distinctive exterior had three stories of arched entrances—a total of around 80—supported by semi-circular columns. Each story contained columns of a different order or style: At the bottom were columns of the relatively simple Doric order, followed by Ionic and topped by the ornate Corinthian order.
Located just near the main entrance to the Colosseum was the Arch of Constantine, built in A. Inside, the Colosseum had seating for more than 50, spectators, who may have been arranged according to social ranking but were most likely packed into the space like sardines in a can judging by evidence from the seating at other Roman amphitheaters.
Awnings were unfurled from the top story in order to protect the audience from the hot Roman sun as they watched gladiatorial combats, hunts, wild animal fights and larger combats such as mock naval engagements for which the arena was flooded with water put on at great expense.
The vast majority of the combatants who fought in front of Colosseum audiences in Ancient Rome were men though there were some female gladiators. Gladiators were generally slaves, condemned criminals or prisoners of war. The Colosseum Over the Centuries The Colosseum saw some four centuries of active use, until the struggles of the Western Roman Empire and the gradual change in public tastes put an end to gladiatorial combats and other large public entertainments by the 6th century A.
Even by that time, the arena had suffered damaged due to natural phenomena such as lightning and earthquakes. In the centuries to come, the Colosseum was abandoned completely, and used as a quarry for numerous building projects, including the cathedrals of St.
Beginning in the 18th century, however, various popes sought to conserve the arena as a sacred Christian site, though it is in fact uncertain whether early Christian martyrs met their fate in the Colosseum, as has been speculated.
Restoration efforts began in the s, and have proceeded over the years, as the Colosseum continues to be a leading attraction for tourists from all over the world. Start your free trial today.Sep 03, · Watch video · The Colosseum: A Grand Amphitheater. Measuring some by feet ( by meters), the Colosseum was the largest amphitheater in the Roman world.
The Colosseum or Roman Coliseum or Flavian Amphitheater, is an elliptical amphitheater in the center of Rome. It is one of the greatest Roman architecture and engineering and one of Rome 's most popular tourist attractions.
Original Colosseum. The Colosseum was the largest and most elaborate gladiator stadium ever created. The unique architecture of the Colosseum included numbered seating, a sunshade, and . The research connects the performance effects of transformational leadership and an assembly of nurses in a municipal hospital in Italy ().
[From here on out each article will be referred to as article one, two, and three (respectfully)]. Mar 22, · So the Colosseum received a perimeter of 1, Roman feet (80x 23 =), and the arena was adjusted to x (still ).
Similar numerical patterns can be seen in the Colosseum. Located just east of the Roman Forum, the massive stone amphitheater known as the Colosseum was commissioned around A.D.
by Emperor Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty as a gift to the Roman.